Relationship between abdominal obesity and heart disease
Obesity is an indirect cause of heart disease because obese people are more likely to have diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol diseases, all of which are related to heart disease. More than ten years of medical research has shown that the accumulation of fat in the belly (central obesity) is directly related to heart disease.
Central obesity can have adverse effects on health. The cardiologist of Hong Kong Hong hospital explained that intra abdominal fat (IAA) is different from subcutaneous fat. It can produce some chemicals to change the following hormones
1. Angiotensin is secreted: it causes vasoconstriction and increases blood pressure.
2. Leptin failure: it is responsible for directing the brain temeritiesto to control the stomach. If it loses normal movement, it will not feel full and then overeat.
3. Adiponectin (adiponectin) decline: lead to insulin failure, high blood sugar, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (commonly known as good cholesterol) and bad cholesterol increased.
In other words, the accumulation of fat in the abdominal cavity will directly affect the rise of blood pressure and cholesterol. After more than 10 or 20 years, these elements will cause pathological changes in the inner wall of blood vessels, and even form a vascular obstruction. Therefore, central obesity can indeed cause heart disease.
A big belly is prone to heart disease
According to the international standard, men's waistline is more than 102CM, and women's is more than 90cm, which belongs to central obesity. However, due to the short stature of Asians, the criterion should be: the waist circumference of men is more than 90cm, and the female is more than 80cm. If the waist circumference exceeds the standard, plus blood pressure, high triglyceride, low good cholesterol, or high blood glucose, it means that there is metabolic syndrome.
Doctors pointed out that the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with metabolic syndrome is 3-4 times higher than that in general. If not only two risk factors are met, but all four, the chance of heart disease can be as high as 7-8 times.
Central obesity is often the first disease. Most people have central obesity first, and then suffer from other high-risk diseases due to neglect, and then increase the chance of metabolic syndrome. Clinical data show that central obesity has a 3.3-fold higher risk of diabetes and 2.9-fold higher risk of hypertension.